The Antarctic Ice Sheet is one of the two polar ice packs of the Earth that holds about 61% of all fresh water and is thus a crucial component in climate models. Several pieces of evidence indicate that Antarctica is warming, with most of the mass loss occurring in West Antarctica.
Stromboli volcano is famous for its relatively mild but astonishingly persistent eruptions. The leading paradigm for these so-called normal eruptions posits that each eruption represents the burst of a large gas slug ascending through liquid magma in the volcanic conduit.
The lunar crust is thought to have formed through flotation of buoyant plagioclase crystals which are apparent even from Earth due to their white color) at a time when the rocky mantle of the Moon was still largely molten.
The role of coastal forests in the mitigation of tsunami disasters has become a hotly debated topic in the aftermath of the devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004 and Japan in 2011.
One challenge facing triggered seismicity hazard assessment is an apparent lack of readily-available, strong predictors: it is difficult or expensive to obtain the necessary data to determine whether injection at a particular site is likely to induce earthquakes.